Rond de jambe – Definition & Detailed Explanation – Dance Terminology Glossary

I. What is Rond de Jambe?

Rond de Jambe, which translates to “round of the leg” in French, is a classical ballet movement that involves the dancer moving their leg in a circular motion. This elegant and graceful movement is commonly used in ballet choreography to showcase the dancer’s flexibility, control, and fluidity of movement. Rond de Jambe can be performed on the ground or in the air, and it can be executed with the working leg in various positions, such as devant (front), derrière (back), and à la seconde (to the side).

II. How is Rond de Jambe performed?

To perform a Rond de Jambe, a dancer typically starts in a standing position with their feet in a turned-out position. The dancer then lifts one leg off the ground and begins to move it in a circular motion, either clockwise or counterclockwise, while maintaining a straight supporting leg and a strong core. The movement can be done slowly and with control, or it can be executed quickly and with precision, depending on the choreography and the style of the dance.

III. What are the different variations of Rond de Jambe?

There are several variations of Rond de Jambe that dancers can incorporate into their performances. Some of the most common variations include Rond de Jambe à Terre, where the movement is done on the ground, and Rond de Jambe en l’air, where the leg is lifted off the ground and moved in a circular motion in the air. Dancers can also perform Rond de Jambe en dehors (outward) or en dedans (inward), depending on the direction of the circular movement.

IV. What is the significance of Rond de Jambe in dance?

Rond de Jambe is a fundamental movement in ballet that helps dancers develop strength, flexibility, and coordination in their legs and core. This movement also helps dancers improve their turnout, balance, and alignment, which are essential elements of classical ballet technique. In addition, Rond de Jambe is often used in ballet choreography to create beautiful and flowing movements that enhance the overall aesthetic of the dance.

V. How can dancers improve their Rond de Jambe technique?

To improve their Rond de Jambe technique, dancers can focus on strengthening their legs, core, and turnout through regular practice and conditioning exercises. Dancers can also work on their flexibility by stretching regularly and incorporating exercises that target the muscles used in Rond de Jambe, such as the hamstrings, quadriceps, and hip flexors. Additionally, dancers can work on their balance and control by practicing Rond de Jambe slowly and with attention to detail, focusing on maintaining proper alignment and form throughout the movement.

VI. What are common mistakes to avoid when performing Rond de Jambe?

When performing Rond de Jambe, dancers should be mindful of common mistakes that can affect the quality and execution of the movement. Some common mistakes to avoid include collapsing the supporting leg, lifting the shoulders or leaning to one side, and rushing through the movement without proper control. Dancers should also be careful not to force the turnout or overextend the working leg, as this can lead to injury and compromise the integrity of the movement. By focusing on proper alignment, technique, and control, dancers can improve their Rond de Jambe and enhance their overall performance in ballet.